Grease was first performed in 1. Kingston Mines nightclub in Chicago since demolished. From there, it has been successful on both stage and screen, but the content has been diluted and its teenage characters have become less Chicago.
Dorothy meets the Scarecrow and the Tin Woodman. The Scarecrow wants to get a brain, and the Tin Woodman needs a heart ('/'If I Only Had a Heart'). Dorothy suggests that the Wizard can help them too ('). They then meet the Cowardly Lion ('If I Only Had the Nerve'). The four friends travel down the yellow brick road, having been warned of the lions, tigers, bears and the fantastical jitterbugs who are controlled by the Wicked Witch. The three friends meet a lion who lacks courage, and they invite him to join them. Serial Notebook Philco Phn14ph24. When the jitterbugs attack, Dorothy appeals to the Sorceress of the North, who freezes the jitterbugs (').
Act II [ ] The friends finally reach the Emerald City, where they meet Lord Growlie, his daughter Gloria and the Royal Army of Oz. Lord Growlie warns that if someone bothers the Wizard with a foolish request, he may destroy them. After a tour ('; 'Evening Star'), the friends meet the Wizard. He is very frightening and says that, before he will help them, they must kill the Wicked Witch of the West. As Dorothy and her new friends travel to the castle of the Wicked Witch, she sends various foes to hamper or attack them, but they manage to persevere. The witch eventually captures Dorothy, and her friends rush to try to rescue her, disguising themselves as ghosts. The witch is not fooled and intends to shrink Dorothy and her friends with a magic potion in her cauldron.
Thinking fast, Dorothy pushes the witch into the cauldron. The water shrinks the Wicked Witch away to nothing ('Ding-Dong! The Witch Is Dead' (reprise)). The friends return to the Emerald City, but the Wizard tries to put them off.
The Wizard turns out to be an ordinary old man who had journeyed to Oz from Omaha long ago. However, the Wizard provides the Scarecrow, the Tin Woodman and the Cowardly Lion with a diploma, a watch to show large heartedness, and a medal of 'courage', respectively, and convinces them all that these items solve their problems. In order to help Dorothy get home, the Wizard personally takes her in his new rocket ship. Songs [ ] Act I [ ] • ' – Dorothy • 'Munchkinland' () – Munchkins, Dorothy and Sorceress • ' – Scarecrow • ' – Tin Woodman • ' (Follow the Yellow Brick Road) – Dorothy, Scarecrow and Tin Woodman • ' – Cowardly Lion • ' – Dorothy, Scarecrow, Tin Woodman and Cowardly Lion Act II [ ] • ' – Company • 'Evening Star' – Dorothy and Chorus • 'Ding-Dong! The Witch Is Dead' (reprise) – Company • 'Over the Rainbow' (reprise) – Company Background [ ] The Wizard of Oz was first turned into a by L.
Frank Baum himself. It was a loose adaptation of Baum's 1900 novel that had no Wicked Witch, Toto, magic slippers or yellow brick road, but had several new characters and subplots. It first played in in 1902 and was a success on the following year. It then toured for seven years. Other early of the novel followed, including a. The of the novel bore a closer resemblance to the novel's storyline than previous versions.
It was a critical success and won the for best song and best score. Productions [ ] In 1942 the (The Muny) presented a new musical stage version. The script was adapted by from the novel and uses most of the songs from the 1939 film. The 1942 production featured Evelyn Wycoff as Dorothy and as the scarecrow. A new song was added for to sing in the, called 'Evening Star', with lyrics by and music by, and the music was newly orchestrated for a traditional pit orchestra instrumentation: woodwinds, brass, percussion, piano and strings, with a minimum of 22 musicians. Additional dance music is included, and the Wizard takes Dorothy home in a rocket ship instead of a hot air balloon.
Revivals have featured,, Mary Wickes and as the. Has played Dorothy at The Muny.
Among Gabrielson's many additions are a skeletal butler, 'Tibia', serving the Wicked Witch. Other new characters include Joe, Banana Man, Queen of the Butterflies, Old Lady, Lord Growlie, the Wizard's 'daughter' Gloria, and numerous witches. In addition to 'Evening Star', 'Song Macabre' and 'Ghost Dance' are added to the Harold Arlen score. The song 'The Jitterbug', which was cut from the film, is inserted instead of the poppy field scene.
There is no Toto, Miss Gulch, Professor Marvel, Winkies, Flying Monkeys or magic shoes. This version of the script is still sometimes used, but it has been largely usurped by 's, which adheres more faithfully to the film.
According to actor Kurt Raymond, who has performed in both The Muny and 1987 versions, the Muny's adaptation contains 'humor that is extremely dated and not quite politically correct', but it has beautiful sets and uses costumes very similar to those seen in the film. Nevertheless, this version was produced by the in, in 1963, with as Dorothy, and in 1984 with as Dorothy. It was also mounted at the in 1982–83 and 1990–91. See also [ ] • • • Notes [ ].
Tams–Witmark Music Library. Retrieved January 14, 2011. • ^ Raymond, Kurt.. Beyond the Rainbow to Oz website.
Retrieved December 25, 2010. • Sherman, p. Tams-witmark.com, accessed January 15, 2011 • Sherman, p.
Floormic.com, accessed July 2, 2011 • 'Injuries at Starlight Kansas City MO', 'News Briefs',, July 12, 1984, p. Cincyplay.com, accessed July 2, 2011 References [ ] • Sherman, Fraser A. The Wizard of Oz Catalog. McFarland and Company, 2005. • Swartz, Mark Evan. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.