Rituals when someone dies in the family, every family has its own traditions pertaining in dealing with the death. Much is probably based on superstition. The one with the 6 weeks or even with 40 days. The family members they believe that only after 40 days usually they would be able to talk about what happened. This was my first time ever in my life here in Vienna to attend or to take part a 40th days prayer for the faithful departed, Brother Rey Reyes father!
Was held in their house in 20first District of Vienna with the Marriage Spirituality Holy Family Community (MS-HFC). Took place last Monday the 27th of February (2012).
Prayer Vigil Service for the. He/she may be raised up on the last day. We pray to the. May his/her soul and the souls of all the faithful departed, through. Prayers for the Faithful Departed. For Every Day of the Week. These prayers may be said at any time for the Faithful Departed. The Guild of All Souls.
Right after novena (prayer), we had dinner. Almost all the food stuff that was served came from the Philippines. We had Pinakbet, Ginataang mini Tulingan, fried Lumpiang Gulay and Pata (Stelze, knuckle of pork) for viand. As you could see in picture above:) And for “panghimagas” we had Ginataang bilo-bilo, Cassava cake, and Boiled Peanuts, etc, etc, etcLOL Kuya Rey was telling me that the okras in Pinakbet he brought it all the way from Pilipinas.
Also the horse mackerel (tulingan), and the boiled peanuts was harvested from Sta. Cruz, Ilocos Sur where his daughter in-law came from. That was so cute to hear about! In the Philippines the family usually holds a wake that can last to seven days, depending upon the family’s decision or if they are still awaiting the arrival of family members from abroad. Wakes are held sometimes at funeral homes, churches or even in private homes. In the Catholic tradition, a nine-day novena prayer is held every evening after the Holy Mass or if it is at home usually at six o’ clock pm (18Uhr) and a celebration is held on the deceased’s 40th day as this is believed to be the day he/she ascended into heaven.
Contents • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Buddhism [ ] Along reading Buddhist sutras such as, or,, or chant Pure Land Rebirth Dhāraṇī and chant repeatedly. Prayers such as Namo Ratnasikhin Tathagata are for animals. Christianity [ ] New Testament [ ] A passage in the which may refer to a prayer for the dead is found in, which reads as follows: 'May the Lord grant mercy to the house of, for he often refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain, but when he was in Rome, he sought me diligently, and found me (the Lord grant to him to find the Lord's mercy on that day); and in how many things he served at Ephesus, you know very well.' As with the verses from 2 Maccabees, these verses refer to prayers that will help the deceased 'on that day' (perhaps, see also ). It is not stated that Onesiphorus, for whom prayed, was dead, though some scholars infer this, based on the way Paul only refers to him in the past tense, and prays for present blessings on his household, but for him only 'on that day'. And towards the end of the same letter, in, Paul sends greetings to 'Prisca and Aquila, and the house of Onesiphorus', distinguishing the situation of Onesiphorus from that of the still living. Tradition [ ] Prayer for the dead is well documented within, both among prominent Church Fathers and the Christian community in general.
In Christians pray for 'such souls as have departed with faith, but without having had time to bring forth fruits worthy of repentance'. In the the assistance that the dead receive by prayer on their behalf is linked with the process of purification known as. While prayer for the dead continues in both these traditions and in those of and of the, many reject the practice. The tomb of the Christian of in (latter part of the 2nd century) bears the inscription: 'Let every friend who observes this pray for me', i.e. Abercius, who throughout speaks in the first person.
The inscriptions in the Roman bear similar witness to the practice, by the occurrence of such phrases as: • Mayst thou live among the (3rd century); • May God refresh the soul of...; • Peace be with them. Among Church writers († 230) is the first to mention prayers for the dead: 'The widow who does not pray for her dead husband has as good as divorced him'. This passage occurs in one of his later writings, dating from the beginning of the 3rd century. Subsequent writers similarly make mention of the practice as prevalent, not as unlawful or even disputed (until challenged it towards the end of the 4th century). The most famous instance is 's prayer for his mother,, at the end of the 9th book of his, written around 398.
An important element in the both East and West consisted of the, or lists of names of living and dead commemorated at the. To be inserted in these lists was a confirmation of one's orthodoxy, and out of the practice grew the official of saints; on the other hand, removal of a name was a condemnation. In the middle of the 3rd century, St. Enjoining that there should be no oblation or public prayer made for a deceased layman who had broken the Church's rule by appointing a cleric trustee under his will: 'He ought not to be named in the priests prayer who has done his best to detain the clergy from the altar.' Although it is not possible, as a rule, to name dates for the exact words used in the ancient liturgies, yet the universal occurrence of these diptychs and of definite prayers for the dead in all parts of the, East and West, in the 4th and 5th centuries shows how primitive such prayers were.
The language used in the prayers for the departed is asking for rest and freedom from pain and sorrow. A passage from the reads: Remember, O Lord, the God of Spirits and of all Flesh, those whom we have remembered and those whom we have not remembered, men of the true faith, from righteous unto to-day; do thou thyself give them rest there in the land of the living, in thy kingdom, in the delight of, in the, and, our, from whence pain and sorrow and sighing have fled away, where the light of thy countenance visiteth them and always shineth upon them.
Public prayers were only offered for those who were believed to have died as faithful members of the Church. But, who was martyred in 202, believed herself to have been encouraged in a vision to pray for her brother, who had died in his eighth year, almost certainly unbaptized; and a later vision assured her that her prayer was answered and he had been translated from punishment. Augustine thought it needful to point out that the narrative was not canonical Scripture, and contended that the child had perhaps been baptized. Eastern Christianity [ ] Theology [ ] and believe in the possibility of situation change for the souls of the dead through the prayers of the living, and reject the term '. Prayer for the dead is encouraged in the belief that it is helpful for them, though how the prayers of the faithful help the departed is not elucidated.
Eastern Orthodox simply believe that tradition teaches that prayers should be made for the dead. Saint († 379), a saint of undivided Christianity, writes in his Third Kneeling Prayer at: 'O Christ our God.(who) on this all-perfect and saving Feast, art graciously pleased to accept propitiatory prayers for those who are imprisoned in hades, promising unto us who are held in bondage great hope of release from the vilenes that doth hinder us and did hinder them. Send down Thy consolation. And establish their souls in the mansions of the Just; and graciously vouchsafe unto them peace and pardon; for not the dead shall praise thee, O Lord, neither shall they who are in Hell make bold to offer unto thee confession. But we who are living will bless thee, and will pray, and offer unto thee propitiatory prayers and sacrifices for their souls.'
Saint († 604) in his famous Dialogues (written in 593) teaches that, 'The Holy Sacrifice (Eucharist) of Christ, our saving Victim, brings great benefits to souls even after death, provided their sins (are such as) can be pardoned in the life to come.' Gregory goes on to say, the Church's practice of prayer for the dead must not be an excuse for not living a godly life on earth. 'The safer course, naturally, is to do for ourselves during life what we hope others will do for us after death.' Father († 1982) says, 'the Church's prayer cannot save anyone who does not wish salvation, or who never offered any struggle () for it himself during his lifetime.' Eastern Orthodox Praxis [ ] The various prayers for the departed have as their purpose to pray for the repose of the departed, to comfort the living, and to remind those who remain of their own mortality. For this reason, memorial services have an air of penitence about them. The Church's prayers for the dead begin at the moment of death, when the priest leads the Prayers at the Departure of the Soul, consisting of a special and prayers for the release of the soul.
Then the body is washed, clothed and laid in the coffin, after which the priest begins the First (prayer service for the departed). After the First Panikhida, the family and friends begin reading the aloud beside the casket.
This reading continues and concludes until the next morning, in which usually the funeral is held, up until the time of the. Orthodox Christians offer particularly fervent prayers for the departed on the first 40 days after death. — Question 201 of Luther's Small Catechism with Explanation (Concordia Publishing House, 1991 edition) The Lutheran Church Missouri Synod This question and answer do not appear in Luther's original text, but reflect the views of the twentieth-century Lutherans who added this explanation to the catechism.
Similarly, the conservative Lutheran denomination WELS teaches: Lutherans do not pray for the souls of the departed. When a person dies his soul goes to either heaven or hell. There is no second chance after death. The Bible tells us, 'Man is destined to die once and after that to face judgment' (Hebrew 9:27, see also Luke 16:19-31). It would do no good to pray for someone who has died. Methodist Church [ ], the founder of the, stated that: 'I believe it to be a duty to observe, to pray for the Faithful Departed'. He 'taught the propriety of Praying for the Dead, practised it himself, provided Forms that others might.'
Two such prayers in the Forms are 'O grant that we, with those who are already dead in Thy faith and fear, may together partake of a joyful resurrection' and also, 'By Thy infinite mercies, vouchsafe to bring us, with those that are dead in Thee, to rejoice together before Thee'. As such, many Methodists pray '.' Shane Raynor, a Methodist writer, explains the practice saying that it is 'appropriate to pray for others in the community, even across time and space', referencing the doctrine of being a 'community made up of all past, present, and future Christians'. In a joint statement with the, the affirmed that 'Methodists who pray for the dead thereby commend them to the continuing mercy of God.'
Moravian Church [ ] In its liturgy, the prays for those 'departed in the faith of Christ' and 'give[s] thanks for their holy departure'. Other churches [ ] Prayer for the dead is not practiced by members of Baptist and nondenominational Christian churches. For example, members of the hold that 'dead men receive no benefit from the prayers, sacrifices, &c. Of the living.' LDS Church [ ] The has a number of sacred ordinances and rituals that are performed for the dead.
The chief among these are and the of the dead to families. [ ] These practices are based upon multiple New Testament scriptures, some of which are 1 Corinthians 15:29-32, Matthew 16:19 Hinduism [ ] In there are funeral speeches with prayers for the dead.
Many of these funeral speeches are read out from the, usually in. Family members will pray around the body as soon as possible after. People try to avoid touching the as it is considered polluting. Here is an example of a funeral speech that may be read out during a funeral.
“ The wise have said that Atman is: And that the phenomenon of death is merely the separation of the astral body from the physical body. The five elements of which the body is composed return to their source. Our teach us that as pilgrims unite and separate at a public inn, so also fathers, mothers, sons, brothers, wives, relations unite and separate in this world.
He who thus understands the nature of the body and all human relationships based upon it will derive strength to bear the loss of our dear ones. In Divine plan, one day each union must end with separation.
” Many of these speeches are a collection of scriptural texts about and. See also: In, Muslims of their community gather to their collective prayers for the of the dead, a prayer is recited and this prayer is known as the (Janazah prayer). The Janazah prayer is as follows: like, the Janazah prayer incorporates an additional (four) Takbirs, the Arabic name for the phrase Allahu Akbar, but there is no Ruku' (bowing) and Sujud (prostrating). For the deceased and mankind is recited. In extraordinary circumstances, the prayer can be postponed and prayed at a later time as was done in the Battle of Uhud. States it is obligatory for every Muslim adult male to perform the funeral prayer upon the death of any Muslim, but the dogma embraces the practical in that it qualifies, when Janazah is performed by the few it alleviates that obligation for all.
In addition, 'Peace be upon him' (sometimes abbreviated in writing as PBUH) is a constantly repeated prayer for dead people such as Mohammed. Main article: Prayers for the dead form part of the.
The prayers offered on behalf of the deceased consist of: Recitation of; Reciting a thrice daily communal prayer in which is known as. Kaddish actually means 'Sanctification' (or 'Prayer of Making Holy') which is a prayer 'In Praise of God'; or other special remembrances known as; and also a Hazkara which is said either on the annual commemoration known as the as well on. The form in use in England contains the following passage: 'Have mercy upon him; pardon all his transgressions. Shelter his soul in the shadow of Thy wings. Make known to him the path of life.' El Maleh Rachamim is the actual Jewish prayer for the dead, although less well known than the Mourner's Kaddish.
While the Kaddish does not mention death but rather affirms the steadfast faith of the mourners in God's goodness, El Maleh Rachamim is a prayer for the rest of the departed. There are various translations for the original Hebrew which vary significantly. One version reads: God, filled with mercy, dwelling in the heavens' heights, bring proper rest beneath the wings of your Shechinah, amid the ranks of the holy and the pure, illuminating like the brilliance of the skies the souls of our beloved and our blameless who went to their eternal place of rest. May You who are the source of mercy shelter them beneath Your wings eternally, and bind their souls among the living, that they may rest in peace.
And let us say: Amen. A record of Jewish prayer and offering of sacrifice for the dead at the time of the is seen being referred to in, a book written in, which, though not accepted as part of the, is regarded as canonical by and the: But under the tunic of each of the dead they found amulets sacred to the idols of Jamnia, which the law forbids the Jews to wear.
So it was clear to all that this was why these men had been slain. They all therefore praised the ways of the Lord, the just judge who brings to light the things that are hidden. Turning to supplication, they prayed that the sinful deed might be fully blotted out.
The noble warned the soldiers to keep themselves free from sin, for they had seen with their own eyes what had happened because of the sin of those who had fallen. He then took up a collection among all his soldiers, amounting to two thousand silver drachmas, which he sent to Jerusalem to provide for an expiatory sacrifice. In doing this he acted in a very excellent and noble way, inasmuch as he had the resurrection of the dead in view; for if he were not expecting the fallen to rise again, it would have been useless and foolish to pray for them in death. But if he did this with a view to the splendid reward that awaits those who had gone to rest in godliness, it was a holy and pious thought. Thus he made atonement for the dead that they might be freed from this sin., French historian and agnostic, concluded, 'at the time of Judas Maccabeus-around 170 B.C., a surprisingly innovative period- prayer for the dead was not practiced, but that a century later it was practiced by certain Jews.” This extract does not explain on what grounds Le Goff argued that prayer for the dead was not in use in the first half of the 2nd century BC. The account of the action of Judas Maccabaeus was written midway through the second half of the same century, in about 124 B.C., and in the view of its mention of prayer for the dead 'seems to imply habit'.
Taoism [ ] chant Qinghuahao (青華誥) or Jiukujing (救苦經). Other religions [ ] chant prayers in funeral ceremonies. In a prayer is required only when the deceased is over the age of fifteen.
There are prayers in other religions. [ ] See also [ ] • • • • • • • • Notes [ ].
• • • • • • • • • •, 376 •. The birth of purgatory. University of Chicago Press. Kik Messenger 5.5.1 Apk Download here. •, 1032 • 'Of course we do not understand exactly how such prayer benefits the departed.
Yet equally, when we intercede for people still alive, we cannot explain how this intercessions assists them. We know from our personal experience that prayer for others is effective, and so we continue to practice it.' • Timothy Ware, The Orthodox Church (Penguin Books, 1964, ), p. 259 • Isabel F. Hapgood, Service Book of the Holy Orthodox-Catholic Apostolic Church (Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese, Englewood, New Jersey, 1975, 5th edition), p. • Dialogues IV, 57.
Seraphim Rose, The Soul After Death (Saint Herman of Alaska Brotherhood, Platina, California, ), p. • For instance, the Panikhida does not have the chanting of 'God is the Lord.' As the does; but instead, the 'Alleluia' is chanted, reminiscent of the 'Alleluia' that is chanted at Lenten services.
• In calculating the number of days, the actual day of death is counted as the first day. According to St., the reason for these days is as follows: from the third day to the ninth day after death, the departed is soul is shown the mansions of (the funeral is normally performed on the third day); from the ninth to the fortieth days, the soul is shown the torments of; and on the fortieth day, the soul stands before the throne of God to undergo the and is assigned the place where it will await the. For this reason, the fortieth day is considered to be the most important. In some traditions, there is also a commemoration at six months. • Quoted in Seraphim Rose, The Soul After Death, p. • ^ Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (Oxford University Press 2005 ), article 'dead, prayer for the' • • • • ^ Gould, James B.
(4 August 2016). Understanding Prayer for the Dead: Its Foundation in History and Logic.
Wipf and Stock Publishers. • 'Neither let us dreame any more, that the soules of the dead are any thing at all holpen by our prayers: But as the Scripture teacheth us, let us thinke that the soule of man passing out of the body, goeth straight wayes either to heaven, or else to hell, whereof the one needeth no prayer, and the other is without redemption' (, part 3) • The Book of Common Prayer. • The Book of Common Prayer.
• The Book of Common Prayer. • Luther's Works 53:325 • Garces-Foley, Kathleen,, p129 •. Retrieved 2015-09-22. • ^ Gould, James B. How To Make Bin File Fta Receiver more. (4 August 2016). Understanding Prayer for the Dead: Its Foundation in History and Logic. Wipf and Stock Publishers.
WELS Topical Q&A.. Retrieved 4 Feb 2015. [ ] • Walker, Walter James (1885). Chapters on the Early Registers of Halifax Parish Church. Whitley & Booth. The opinion of the Rev. John Wesley may be worth citing.
'I believe it to be a duty to observe, to pray for the Faithful Departed.' access-date= requires url= () • ^ Holden, Harrington William (1872). John Wesley in Company with High Churchmen. Wesley taught the propriety of Praying for the Dead, practised it himself, provided Forms that others might. These forms, for daily use, he put fort, not tentatively or apologetically, but as considering such prayer a settled matter of Christian practice, with all who believe that the Faithful, living and dead, are one Body in Christ in equal need and like expectation of those blessings which they will together enjoy, when both see Him in His Kingdom. Two or three examples, out of many, may be given:--'O grant that we, with those who are already dead in Thy faith and fear, may together partake of a joyful resurrection.'
access-date= requires url= () • Holden, Harrington William (1872). John Wesley in Company with High Churchmen. The Prayers passed though many editions, and were in common use among thousands of Methodists of every degree, who, without scruple or doubtfulness prayed for those who sleep in Jesus every day that they prayed to the common Father of all. access-date= requires url= () • Raynor, Shane (14 October 2015).
'Should Christians pray for the dead?' Ministry Matters. The United Methodist Publishing House. Missing or empty url= (); access-date= requires url= () • Gould, James B.
(4 August 2016). Understanding Prayer for the Dead: Its Foundation in History and Logic. Wipf and Stock Publishers.
The Roman Catholic and English Methodist churches both pray for the dead. Their consensus statement confirms that 'over the centuries in the Catholic tradition praying for the dead has developed into a variety of practices, especially through the Mass. The Methodist church. Has prayers for the dead. Methodists who pray for the dead thereby commend them to the continuing mercy of God.' • Garbett, John (1827). The Nullity of the Roman Faith.
• Crosby, Thomas (1738). The History of the English Baptists. Church History Research & Archives. That dead men receive no benefit from the prayers, ſacrifices, &c.
Of the living. access-date= requires url= () • • • • • Le Goff, Jacques (1984). Check url= value (). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. •, Understanding the Bible. Palo Alto: Mayfield. • • • • • • • • • • • • • External links [ ] • article in • from the website, with resulting • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Cambridge University Press.